What is Blood Glucose?
When you eat, your body breaks food down into glucose (sugar)
and sends it into the bloodstream. Insulin, a hormone made by
the pancreas, helps move the glucose from the blood into the
cells to be used for energy. Your body usually makes just the
right amount of insulin to match the food you eat.
When your body does not use insulin properly, it is called
insulin resistance. At first, the beta cells make extra insulin
to make up for it. But, over time your pancreas isn’t able to
keep up and can’t make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose
at normal levels.
When blood glucose levels are higher than normal it is called
high blood glucose (hyperglycemia). If your blood glucose gets
too high, you will be diagnosed with prediabetes or diabetes.
What Affects My Blood Glucose Levels?
It is important to understand what can make your blood glucose
rise or fall, so that you can take steps to stay on target
Things that can make blood glucose rise:
A meal or snack with more food or more carbohydrates than
- Side effects of medications
- Infection or other illness
Changes in hormone levels, such as during menstrual periods
Things that can make blood glucose fall:
A meal or snack with less food or fewer carbohydrates than
- Extra activity
- Side effects of other medications
- Missing a meal or snack
Drinking alcoholic beverages (especially on an empty stomach)